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Acne is a complex condition with varied causes. In extreme cases medication will be necessary, but in general the skin can be re-balanced by restoring the skin’s microflora. This can be done with some basic lifestyle choices and careful attention to the products that are applied to the skin.

 

Diagnosis

Tips on how to diagnose acne: Teen acne

The skin easily scar
Thick skin
Congested skin
Pimples
Pustules

Adult Acne

Hormonal acne predominant along the chin, jaw, and neck
Some comedones
Skin looks shiny and oily, but feels tight
Possible causes

These are some of the factors that may be contributing to this condition

Elevated androgen levels (in both men and women)
Alteration of the normal microflora of the skin
The use of high pH products and cleansers that cause flaking, causing the skin to overproduce sebum to compensate
Stress
In many cases acne is hereditary – but this does not affect how it is treated
Certain medications such as steroids and testosterone (in some birth control pills)
The red and orange synthetic pigments used in makeup are comedogenic
Adult acne can be related to sudden changes in lifestyle, or stress, for example divorce, work, etc.
Lifestyle recommendations

Our suggestions on lifestyle changes that should have a balancing effect on your skin

Maintain acid mantle – make sure all skin care products are pH balanced between 4-5, supplement with topical prebiotics to maintain normal skin microflora
Eat fermented foods like sauerkraut and kimchi to improve the microbial diversity in your gut
Take a good quality ingestible probiotic and apply a probiotic skincare treatment that contains live strains of beneficial microbes to compete with acne causing pathogen species
Avoid harsh abrasive scrubs. Keratinization is a major cause of pimples, but exfoliation is not a long-term solution as the skin will respond with faster cell division at the basal cell level.
Avoid cleansers and toners with alcohol – both can affect the health of your skin’s natural microflora
Acne scars easily and these scars need to be treated correctly to make sure they do not become permanent, we advise regular professional treatments
Avoid overexposure to UV rays – this worsens scars and decreases the total number of microbes on the skin

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